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Can CdS be used in solar cell?

Can CdS be used in solar cell?

Polycrystalline CdS thin films have properties that are suitable for solar cell fabrication. CdS thin films also have a high absorption coefficient, electron affinity, low resistivity, and easy ohmic contact, also making them suitable for solar cell applications.

How does a CIGS solar cell work?

CIGS solar cell, in full copper indium gallium selenide solar cell, thin-film photovoltaic device that uses semiconductor layers of copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) to absorb sunlight and convert it into electricity.

What is CdS solar cell?

It is a member of an I-III-VI2 group of chalcopyrite semiconductors , It is used as light absorber material in solar cells. CdS is a II-VI compound , n-type semiconductor with energy gap of 2.45 eV. It is used to fabricate heterojunction with CIGS.

How are CIGS solar cells made?

It is manufactured by depositing a thin layer of copper, indium, gallium and selenium on glass or plastic backing, along with electrodes on the front and back to collect current. CIGS is one of three mainstream thin-film photovoltaic (PV) technologies, the other two being cadmium telluride and amorphous silicon.

Why is CdS used in CdTe solar cells?

Intermediate layers such as CdS help in both the growth and electrical properties between the TCO and CdTe. The CdTe film acts as the primary photoconversion layer and absorbs most visible light within the first micron of material.

What is CdS and CdTe?

The CdS layer is prepared by several methods like evaporation, chemical bath deposition (CBD) and closed space sublimation (CSS). Owing to its optoelectronic and chemical properties, CdTe is an ideal absorber material for high-efficiency low cost thin film polycrystalline solar cells.

What are the advantages of CIGS solar cells?

The benefits of CIGS solar cells include: High absorption: This direct-bandgap material can absorb a significant portion of the solar spectrum, enabling it to achieve the highest efficiency of any thin-film technology. Tandem design: A tunable bandgap allows the possibility of tandem CIGS devices.

What does CIGS stand for?


Acronym Definition
CIGS Copper Indium Gallium Di-Selenide (compound semiconductor)
CIGS Chief of the Imperial General Staff (WWII British)
CIGS Centro de Instrução de Guerra na Selva (Brazilian Army Special Forces)
CIGS Close-In Gun System (Naval weapon, aka Mark110)

How much tellurium is in a solar panel?

At 8 grams of tellurium per 2 foot by 4 foot panel, that’s roughly 100 metric tons of tellurium for each gigawatt of PV production.

What are the most common photovoltaic cell used today?

silicon cells
What are the most common photovoltaic cells used today? Unveiled by Bell Labs in 1954, silicon cells were the very first successful photovoltaic (PV) technology, and they remain the most common PV cells in use today. 7.

What is the correct name for CdS?

Cadmium sulfide
Cadmium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula CdS. Cadmium sulfide is a yellow solid….Cadmium sulfide.

Chemical formula CdS
Molar mass 144.47 g·mol−1
Appearance Yellow-orange to brown solid.
Density 4.826 g/cm3, solid.

Which type solar panel is best?

monocrystalline solar panels
The most efficient solar panel is the monocrystalline solar panels. Monocrystalline solar panels can reach over 20 percent efficiency. On the other hand, polycrystalline panels can usually only reach 15 to 17 percent efficiency.

What is the efficiency of CDs in solar cells?

For Cu (In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells which contains chemical-bath-deposited CdS have attained a record efficiency of 20.3%. In this case, the CdS is the buffer layer. This instance had the following parameters [11]: CdS is a direct gap semiconductor with the smallest energy gap in the center of the Brillouin Zone.

How big can CIGS thin film solar cells be?

NREL is pursuing new materials for inclusion into the cell structure that will meet these requirements. NREL has the ability to deposit all layers of CIGS thin-film solar cells, from 1.5-by-1.5-in. to 6-by-6in. sample sizes. We can fabricate novel materials and device structures and also perform advanced characterization and device modeling.

How is the CIGS layer of a solar cell formed?

This process enables the formation of a CIGS thin-film layer that is of the proper composition and structure to allow the photo-generated charge carriers to exist long enough in the CIGS layer of the device so that they can be separated and collected at the front and back contacts.

Which is more efficient CIGS or silicon solar cells?

The CIGS material has a direct bandgap and high absorption coefficient. Efficient sunlight absorption can be achieved in CIGS layers as thin as 1 µm, 100 times thinner than a crystalline silicon solar cell 4, as evidenced in Figure 1. This gives promise to the potential of high efficiency solar cells made with minimal material consumption.