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How does digital predistortion work?

How does digital predistortion work?

Predistortion is a technique used to improve the linearity of radio transmitter amplifiers. An amplifier that compresses its input or has a non-linear input/output relationship causes the output signal to splatter onto adjacent radio frequencies. This causes interference on other radio channels.

What is DPD in wireless?

Digital Pre-Distortion (DPD) is one of the most fundamental building blocks in wireless communication systems today. It is used to increase the efficiency of Power Amplifiers.

What is DPD algorithm?

Digital predistortion (DPD) is a baseband signal processing technique that corrects for impairments in RF power amplifiers (PAs). These impairments cause out-of-band emissions or spectral regrowth and in-band distortion, which correlate with an increased bit error rate (BER).

What is DPD IP?

The LogiCORE™ IP Digital Pre-Distortion (DPD) negates the non-linear effects of a power amplifier (PA) when transmitting a wide-band signal. DPD allows a PA to achieve greater efficiency by operating at a higher output power while maintaining spectral compliance, and reducing system capital and operational expenditure.

What is analog predistortion?

There are many methods of linearizing power amplifiers. One of the methods which are wideband in nature is the Analog Predistortion method. Analog Pre-Distortion (APD) is a technique that enables the PA to be operated beyond the 1dB compression point without degrading the system performance.

What is meant by power amplifier?

A power amplifier (PA) converts a low-power signal to a higher power one. Two common examples are audio amplifiers, used to drive loudspeakers and headphones, and RF power amplifiers, such as those used in the final stage of a transmitter.

What is DPD and CFR?

Abstract: Digital predistortion (DPD) and Crest Factor Reduction (CFR) are applied separately in radio frequency power amplifiers (PAs) in general. The combined CFR/DPD module ensures that the PAPR at the output of predistorter will not exceed a given limit.

What is DPD receiver?

The DPD receiver converts the PA output from RF back to digital as part of a feedback loop (see Figure 1). Key design requirements are the input frequency range and power level, the intermediate frequency and the bandwidth to be digitized.

What is RF envelope?

Envelope tracking (ET) describes an approach to radio frequency (RF) amplifier design in which the power supply voltage applied to the RF power amplifier is continuously adjusted to ensure that the amplifier is operating at peak efficiency for power required at each instant of transmission.

What is Doherty power amplifier?

The Doherty amplifier is a modified class B radio frequency amplifier invented by William H. Doherty of Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc in 1936. In this way, the amplifier achieves a high level of linearity while retaining good power efficiency.

What is the basic principle of power amplifier?

The power amplifier works on the basic principle of converting the DC power drawn from the power supply into an AC voltage signal delivered to the load. Although the amplification is high the efficiency of the conversion from the DC power supply input to the AC voltage signal output is usually poor.

What does Class C amplifier mean?

When the collector current flows for less than half cycle of the input signal, the power amplifier is known as class C power amplifier. The efficiency of class C amplifier is high while linearity is poor. The conduction angle for class C is less than 180o.

What can digital pre distortion ( DPD ) be used for?

Requests can be made through your local sales representative. Digital Pre-Distortion (DPD) is one of the most fundamental building blocks in wireless communication systems today. It is used to increase the efficiency of Power Amplifiers.

Which is the reference design for digital predistortion?

Digital predistortion (DPD) is an efficient cost-effective means of compensating for PA nonlinearity and retaining high efficiency. The DPD reference design implements an adaptive lookup table (LUT) based algorithm—commonly used for linearization of power amplifiers (PA).

Why do we need digital predistortion in Pas?

Digital Predistortion Reference Design IntroductionPower amplifiers (PAs) for for third-generation (3G) wireless communication systems need high linearity at the PA output, to achieve high adjacent channel leakage ratio (ACLR) and low error vector magnitude (EVM). In addition, high efficiency is desirable.

How does MDDPD enable the application of predistortion?

In addition, as was mentioned previously, MDDPD allows the predistortion to be applied to channels that are generated independently. This enables the application of and thereby benefit of predistortion in systems which would not traditionally be able to benefit from one dimensional DPD.