How many types of retractors are there?
The two basic types of retractors are the hand-held and the self-retaining forms. The hand-held retractors allow an assistant to move tissue out of the way of the surgical instruments and protect the vital structures during the procedure.
What are surgical retractors?
Surgical retractors help surgeons and operating room professionals hold an incision or wound open during surgical procedures. They aid in holding back underlying organs or tissues, allowing doctors/nurses better visibility and access to the exposed area.
What instruments are used in surgery?
Instruments used in general surgery
- Cutting and dissecting instruments: Scalpels, scissors, and saws are the most traditional.
- Grasping or holding instruments: Classically this included forceps and clamps predominantly.
- Hemostatic instruments:
- Tissue unifying instruments and materials:
What is Kelly retractor?
Kelly Retractor has a right-angled blade that has a bent crescent-shaped lip. This retractor is commonly used to pull back, or retract, the edges of wounds in order to expose the surgical area. The Kelly Retractor is available with a grip handle, a lamb handle, or a standard hollow loop handle.
What is Deaver retractor?
Deaver Retractor (12 inch) is a large, handheld retractor commonly used to hold back the abdominal wall during abdominal or thoracic procedures. It may also be used to move or hold organs away from the surgical site. The Deaver retractor is shaped like a question mark with a thin, flat blade.
How is a retractor used in surgery?
In varying forms, retractors are used to hold an incision open, hold back tissues or other objects to maintain a clear surgical field, or reach other structures. They can either be hand-held or self-retaining via a ratcheting mechanism. Tube: Used primarily for surface suction and some intra-abdominal suction.