Is a conga an Idiophone?
Congas are part of a battery of idiophones and membranophones that provide the distinctive rhythmic patterns underlying Latin American dances. They are also used in contemporary solo mixed-percussion and percussion ensemble works and in ‘world music’ hand drumming ensembles.
What sound does a conga make?
The most basic conga sound is called an open tone because the drum is allowed to ring after it is hit. The open sound is played at the edge of the drum using the arm and wrist together with the fingers slightly apart. Each open stroke should consist of a simple up-and-down motion of the forearm and hand.
What notes should congas be tuned to?
The conga or segunda should be tuned from C to the E above, depending on the diameter size. The tumba should be tuned from an A to the B above, depending on size. To obtain these pitches, you should first determine the size of your drum by the diameter of the playing surface.
How do you notate conga?
Notice the lines or spaces on the staff that the conga notation uses. Usually parts are written for two drums, so conga music is often written on a two-line staff. The higher of the two lines on the staff is for the high drum and the lower of the two lines is for the low drum.
Why was the conga banned?
During the Machado dictatorship in Cuba, Havana citizens were forbidden to dance the conga, because rival groups would work themselves to high excitement and explode into street fighting.
Are conga drums Cuban?
The conga drum is at the cornerstone of countless Latin rhythms, and has helped Latin percussion as a whole, become extremely popular in many musical genres from all over the world. Of Afro-Cuban origin, the conga is more widely known as a tumbadora, timba, or jícamo in Cuba.
Are conga drums loud?
So the table tells us that practicing 1 conga in a room at home at 95 dBA for more than 4 hours a day can damage your hearing permanently. My ears tell me it is worse than that. In particular, slaps make my ears ring after 3 or 4 minutes, and the sound pressure level of a single slap is hard to measure.
How do I arrange my congas?
The conga (medium-sized) drum is placed directly in front of the player and the tumba is placed to the right. The quinto, when used, is placed between the conga and the tumba in a triangular formation: Notice that the quinto drum is now placed directly in front of the conguero.
What pitch should bongos be tuned to?
When tuning your bongo, you should tune the hembra and macho an octave apart, with the macho tuned at B through D, or about two octaves above middle C and the hembra (or larger drum) tuned at A octave, or, again, two octaves above middle C.
Why is it called a conga line?
The conga line is a novelty line dance that was derived from the Cuban carnival dance of the same name and became popular in the US in the 1930s and 1950s. The dancers form a long, processing line, which would usually turn into a circle.
What is a Conga Tumbao?
In North America, the basic conga drum pattern used in popular music is also called tumbao. In the contemporary form of Cuban popular dance music known as timba, piano guajeos are known as tumbaos.
Why are conga drums called Tambores de conga?
The drums used in carnaval could have been referred to as tambores de conga since they played the rhythm la conga, and thus translated into English as conga drums . Conga drums are classified according to their size, which correlates to their pitch: larger drumheads have a lower pitch and vice versa.
Which is the best brand of conga drum?
Conga Drum 11″ + Stand – RED Wine -World Percussion New! Meinl Percussion ST-FL10CH Steely II Chrome Plated Height Adjustable Stand for 10-Inch MEINL… Meinl Percussion ST-MP1134CH Steely II Height Adjustable Stand for 11 3/4-Inch MEINL… Conga Drum 12″ and Stand – RED Wine -World Percussion New!
What kind of music can you play with a conga?
Congas have become a popular instrument in many forms of Latin music such as son (when played by conjuntos), descarga, Afro-Cuban jazz, salsa, songo, merengue and Latin rock.
What are the different types of congas in Cuba?
Front: A pair of congas. Back: A pair of bongos. The conga, also known as tumbadora, is a tall, narrow, single-headed drum from Cuba. Congas are staved like barrels and classified into three types: quinto (lead drum, highest), tres dos or tres golpes (middle), and tumba or salidor (lowest).