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What are the ethical issues of the human genome project?

What are the ethical issues of the human genome project?

The original issues identified in the ELSI program announcement were: questions of fairness in the use of genetic information; the impact of genetic information on individuals; privacy and confidentiality of genetic information; the impact of the HGP on genetic counseling; the impact of genetic information on …

What are the ethical implications of genome research?

When the genomic data are publicly accessible, there is a risk of discrimination during enrollment for a job or obtaining health insurance. Individuals could be denied a job or an insurance policy based on the genetic information which suggests the risk of susceptibility to any chronic disease or cancer.

Why is personal genomics good for society?

The Personal Genome Project is effectively building a ‘treasure trove’ of genetic information. It could help scientists learn more about how genetic and environmental factors interact to cause disease and drive new treatments for diseases such as diabetes? and cancer.

Is Human Genome Project Good or bad?

Benefits of the HGP The benefits of the Human Genome Project will more than likely be felt throughout the world. The HGP can also be very useful for the understanding of human evolution and human migration. It may help lead scientists to find out how humans have evolved and how humans are evolving today.

What are 3 key results of the Human Genome Project?

These “bonus” accomplishments include: an advanced draft of the mouse genome sequence, published in December 2002; an initial draft of the rat genome sequence, produced in November 2002; the identification of more than 3 million human genetic variations, called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs); and the generation …

What are the consequences of the Human Genome Project?

Between 1988 and 2010 the human genome sequencing projects, associated research and industry activity—directly and indirectly—generated an economic (output) impact of $796 billion, personal income exceeding $244 billion, and 3.8 million job-years of employment.

What are the disadvantages of the Human Genome Project?

List of the Cons of the Human Genome Project

  • It may cause a loss in human diversity.
  • It could develop a trend in “designer” humans.
  • Its information could be used to form new weapons.
  • It could become the foundation of genetic racism.
  • It would be most accessible to wealthy cultures.

What are the benefits of genomics?

Genomic medicine has the potential to make genetic diagnosis of disease a more efficient and cost-effective process, by reducing genetic testing to a single analysis, which then informs individuals throughout life.

What is genomics used for?

Genomics, the study of genes, is making it possible to predict, diagnose, and treat diseases more precisely and personally than ever. A complete human genome contains three billion base pairs of DNA, uniquely arranged to give us our fundamental anatomy and individual characteristics such as height and hair color.

What was the main aim of the human genome project?

The Human Genome Project was an international research project that sequenced all of the genes found in humans. This ambitious project began in 1990 and concluded in 2003. One goal of the project was to accurately sequence the 3 billion nucleotide base pairs in the human genome.

What are benefits of the human genome project?

Molecular Medicine

  • Improved diagnosis of disease.
  • Earlier detection of genetic predispositions to disease.
  • Rational drug design.
  • Gene therapy and control systems for drugs.
  • Pharmacogenomics “custom drugs”

What did we find out from the human genome project?

HGP researchers deciphered the human genome in three major ways: determining the order, or “sequence,” of all the bases in our genome’s DNA; making maps that show the locations of genes for major sections of all our chromosomes; and producing what are called linkage maps, through which inherited traits (such as those …

Are there ethical issues with the Human Genome Project?

“Mapping and Sequencing the Human Genome: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy.” Developed by BSCS, in collaboration with the American Medical Association, under the U.S. Department of Energy Grant #DE-FG02-91ER61147. Critics express several concerns about the Human Genome Project (HGP), and most involve the extent of the project or its funding.

Who is the founder of the Personal Genome Project?

George Church, PhD is the principal investigator, founder and guinea pig #1 of the Personal Genome Project (PGP) research study based at Harvard Medical School.

How did Sasha work on the Human Genome Project?

Sasha works on open technologies that are part of the revolution that reduced human DNA sequencing costs by a million-fold since the completion of the Human Genome Project.

Why is it important to consider genome ethics?

And it has some important consequences for genome ethics. As soon as we consider genetics this way, the risks of substantial discrimination loom less large. It is just not going to be possible to undertake simple genetic tests for intelligence, say, or athletic ability, and to be confident in the results.