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What does spindle apparatus pattern mean?

What does spindle apparatus pattern mean?

Background: The mitotic spindle apparatus (MSA) is a unique structure of microtubules and associated proteins involved in the segregation and reorganisation of chromosomes during cell division.

What types of cancer cause positive ANA?

Neoplastic diseases may cause positive ANA. Some authors have described that ANA is found in the sera from lung, breast, head and neck cancer patients as frequently as in RA and SLE 3, 4, 5. Chapman et al. 6 has suggested that in breast cancer they may be used as an aid to early diagnosis.

What is considered a positive ANA?

Some people with autoimmune diseases may get a negative test result for ANA but positive for other antibodies. A positive ANA test means that you have high levels of ANA in your blood. A positive ANA test is usually reported as both a ratio (called a titer) and a pattern, such as smooth or speckled.

What is ANA with titer?

The level to which a patient’s sample can be diluted and still produce recognizable staining is known as the ANA “titer.” The ANA titer is a measure of the amount of ANA in the blood; the higher the titer, the more autoantibodies are present in the sample.

What is the function of the spindle apparatus?

Any of a network of filaments that collectively form a mitotic spindle (in mitosis) and meiotic spindle (in meiosis). It is chiefly involved in moving and segregating the chromosomes during nuclear division.

Is an ANA of 160 high?

A titer of 1:160 or above is commonly considered a positive test result. Other conditions with ANA associations include Crohn’s disease, mononucleosis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, tuberculosis, and lymphoproliferative diseases.

Can a high ANA indicate cancer?

ANA can be positive in upto 27% cancer patients. There is clearly increased risk of cancers amongst patients of autoimmune diseases compared to general population. Malignancies including metastasis can also present with true paraneoplastic autoimmune disorders.

Should I worry about a positive ANA test?

So if you have a positive ANA, don’t panic. The next step is to see a rheumatologist who will determine if additional testing is needed and who will make sure you will get the best care for your particular situation.

What is an example of spindle apparatus?

What is spindle Fibre made up of?

microtubules
Spindle fibers are made up of microtubules. Microtubules are polymers of alpha- and beta-tubulin dimers. Microtubules that form the spindle fibers come from centrosomes, which are organelles located in opposite poles near the nucleus.

Is 1 80 considered a positive ANA?

A low ANA titer (1:40 to 1:80) may be associated with preclinical disease or lack of disease. Titers >1:80 are consistent with autoimmune disease. In cases of positive ANA, the staining pattern helps predict the disease type.