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What is historical development of agricultural extension in Ethiopia?

What is historical development of agricultural extension in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia agricultural extension work was started in 1931 with the establishment of the Ambo Agricultural School. The first comprehensive package Chillalo Agricultural Development Unit project was established in the Arsi region that was employed the “Model farmer” approach until 1975.

What is the history of agriculture extension?

In the United States, the Hatch Act of 1887 established a system of agricultural experiment stations in conjunction with each state’s land-grant university, and the Smith-Lever Act of 1914 created a system of cooperative extension to be operated by th universities in order to inform people about current developments in …

Who is the father of agricultural extension education?

K. N. Singh is known as father of Extension in the Indian context. The teaching of extension education at undergraduate level started in the year 1950 at the College of Agriculture, Calcutta University….Lesson 1. HISTORY AND CONCEPT OF EXTENSION EDUCATION.

Formal Education Extension Education
5. Class attendance is compulsory. 5. Participation is voluntary.

What is agricultural extension and its importance?

Agricultural extension (also known as agricultural advisory services) plays a crucial role in boosting agricultural productivity, increasing food security, improving rural livelihoods, and promoting agriculture as an engine of pro-poor economic growth.

What is the role of extension in Ethiopian agricultural development?

Contribute to Ethiopia’s agricultural growth and poverty reduction by installing pluralistic extension system, ensuring a rapid transfer and continued adoption of improved technologies and good practices through farmer- focused, innovation-led, market-driven, efficient, and sustainable information service delivery …

Why agricultural extension is created?

– The objective of extension is to change farmers’ outlook toward their difficulties. Extension is concerned not just with physical and economic achievements but also with the development of the rural people themselves.

What is the concept of agricultural extension?

Agricultural extension has been provided primarily by the public sector in developing countries. Agricultural extension agencies provide advice, information, and other support services to farmers to enable them to improve the productivity of their crop and animal production and thereby their farm and non-farm incomes.

What are the principles of agricultural extension?

Such principles are: extension work must be based on the needs and interest of the people, extension work should be based on the knowledge, skills, belief and value of the people, extension encourages people to take action and work out their own solution to their problem, rather than receiving ready- made solution, an …

What is the concept of education in agricultural extension?

– Extension is an informal educational process directed toward the rural population. This process offers advice and information to help them solve their problems. Extension also aims to increase the efficiency of the family farm, increase production and generally increase the standard of living of the farm family.

What is the concept of extension education?

Extension education is an applied social science consisting of relevant content derived from physical, biological and social sciences and in its own process synthesised into a body of knowledge, concepts, principles and procedures oriented to provide non-credit out of school education largely for adults.

What are the important of agricultural extension?

Importance of agricultural extension includes increase in farmer’s level of production, information on strategic marketing and effective feedback on innovation to research/scientist.

What are the problems of agricultural extension?

Low morale, depression, economic worries, and less productivity are now common in extension organizations due to HIV/AIDS. Extension workers who by training are required to motivate farmers to try and adopt new agricultural technology are themselves depressed and frustrated, and this affects their output.