What is Intersegmental dysfunction?
Disease or mechanical dysfunction of the vertebrae as they function with each other, resulting in symptoms of pain, discomfort or loss of motion.
What is Cervicothoracic dysfunction?
What many patients do not know is a majority of their symptoms are a result of increased cervicothoracic stiffness (dysfunction). The cervicothoracic junction or CTJ is the region where the last segment of the cervical spine (C7) attaches to the first segment of the thoracic spine (T1).
What causes segmental dysfunction?
Segmental dysfunctions can be caused by poor posture, repetitive motion, trauma and often just simple movements of the back. These dysfunctions are maintained by restrictions of the muscles or ligaments that surround these joints.
What is somatic dysfunction?
Somatic dysfunction is defined as impaired or altered functions of related components of the somatic (body framework) system. It can include the musculoskeletal, nervous, or lymphatic systems.
What is segment dysfunction?
Definition. Segmental dysfunction has been defined as impaired or altered function of related components of the somatic system: skeletal, arthrodial and myofascial structures, and related vascular, lymphatic and neural elements.
How is somatic dysfunction diagnosed?
The diagnosis of somatic dysfunction requires at least 1 of the four cardinal signs of tissue texture changes, asymmetry of anatomic landmarks, range of motion abnormalities, and tenderness (TART). TART changes were found in all patients, but more so in some body regions than in others.
What causes cervical dysfunction?
Uterine abnormalities and genetic disorders affecting a fibrous type of protein that makes up your body’s connective tissues (collagen) might cause an incompetent cervix. Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES), a synthetic form of the hormone estrogen, before birth also has been linked to cervical insufficiency.
What is thoracic dysfunction?
Thoracic dysfunction has been related to problems in the neck, shoulder, arms, and anterior chest (22,56,57). Thoracic ISJD may alter normal respiration and contribute to breathing difficulties (11). Global and intersegmental motion deficits are the hallmarks of thoracic joint dysfunction (19).
How is somatic dysfunction treated?
Cognitive behavior therapy and mindfulness-based therapy are effective for the treatment of somatic symptom disorder. Amitriptyline, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and St. John’s wort are effective pharmacologic treatments for somatic symptom disorder.
What is cranial somatic dysfunction?
In somatic dysfunction which is found when the altered function of the somatic system which includes all connective tissue elements and their associated neural, lymphatic, and vascular elements may result in pain, loss of mobility, and tissue texture abnormality.
What is thoracic region somatic dysfunction?
Somatic dysfunction was defined as a vertebral unit possessing any of the following palpatory characteristics: tissue texture changes, asymmetry of motion and relative position, restriction of motion, or tenderness (ie, TART criteria).