What is Louis L thurstone theory of intelligence?
Louis Leon Thurstone proposed theory in 1930’s that intelligence is composed of several different factors. The seven primary mental abilities in Thurstone’s model were verbal comprehension, word fluency, number facility, spatial visualization, associative memory, perceptual speed and reasoning.
What did Louis Leon thurstone?
Thurstone was responsible for the standardized mean and standard deviation of IQ scores used today, as opposed to the Intelligence Test system originally used by Alfred Binet. He is also known for the development of the Thurstone scale.
What type of psychologist is thurstone was?
Abstract. Louis Leon Thurstone (1887–1955) was a quantitative psychologist and past president of the American Psychological Association who is best known for advancing the methods of factor analysis, statistical methods used to explore latent factors underlying sets of observed variables.
What did ll thurstone believe?
Using his new approach to factor analysis, Thurstone found that intelligent behavior does not arise from a general factor, but rather emerges from seven independent factors that he called primary abilities: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial visualization, number facility, associative memory, reasoning, and …
What are the 12 multiple intelligences?
Multiple intelligences is a theory first posited by Harvard developmental psychologist Howard Gardner in 1983 that suggests human intelligence can be differentiated into eight modalities: visual-spatial, verbal-linguistic, musical-rhythmic, logical-mathematical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic and bodily- …
What are the 4 types of intelligence?
For example, in his 2003 book “A Himalayan Trinity” Mark Oliver (Founder of MarkTwo) identified four fundamental intelligences – IQ, EQ (Emotional Intelligence), PQ (Physical Intelligence) and SQ (Spiritual Intelligence).
How did thurstone measure intelligence?
His studies of intelligence using these techniques led to the Primary Mental Abilities Test (1938), which measured components of human intelligence such as reasoning ability, word fluency, verbal comprehension, facility with numbers, spatial visualization, and rote memory.
How did Spearman use G and S to explain intelligence?
g and s. Spearman’s two-factor theory proposes that intelligence has two components: general intelligence (“g”) and specific ability (“s”). Regarding g, Spearman saw individuals as having some level of more or less general intelligence, while s varied from person to person based on the specific task.
Why is thurstone aptitude test used?
Thurstones Primary Mental Abilities is a test created to measure the primary mental abilities of superior children. Louis Leon Thurstone had a vast interest in the measurement of mental functions, wanting to adapt statistical processes to psychological tests.
What are different mental abilities?
abilities as measured by tests of an individual in areas of spatial visualization, perceptual speed, number facility, verbal comprehension, word fluency, memory, inductive reasoning, and so forth, depending on the theory or test. See also primary ability.
What are the 4 theories of intelligence?
The theories are grouped into four major theory types: (1) psychometric theories; (2) cognitive theories; (3) cognitive-contextual theories; and (4) biological theories.
How did Thurstone measure intelligence?