What is systematic desensitization used to treat?
Systematic desensitization therapy is a type of behavioral therapy used to treat anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias, and a fear of things like snakes or spiders.
What is systematic desensitization based on?
Systematic desensitization is a type of behavioral therapy based on the principle of classical conditioning. It was developed by Wolpe during the 1950s. This therapy aims to remove the fear response of a phobia, and substitute a relaxation response to the conditional stimulus gradually using counter-conditioning.
Does systematic desensitization work for social anxiety?
When used alone or in conjunction with other forms of treatment, systematic desensitization can effectively treat the following mental health conditions: Specific phobias, like fear of heights, flying, spiders, and enclosed spaces. Panic disorder. Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)
How does the process of systematic desensitization work?
Systematic desensitization aims to reduce anxiety, stress, and avoidance by gradually exposing a person to the source of their discomfort in a thoughtfully planned way. With the inclusion of relaxation techniques, systematic desensitization helps to relieve symptoms connected to various forms of anxiety and anxiety-related conditions.
Who came up with desensitization?
Systematic desensitization was developed by South African psychologist Joseph Wolpe. In the 1950s Wolpe discovered that the cats of Wits University could overcome their fears through gradual and systematic exposure.
Can a systematic desensitization be used in in vivo Exposition?
The fact that the systematic desensitization technique can be applied in images means that many of the practical disadvantages involved in in vivo exposition with this type of phobia can be eliminated. One weakness of in vitro exposition is that it relies on the client’s ability to be able to imagine the fearful situation.
How does a desensitization hierarchy work for anxiety?
A desensitization hierarchy is constructed and the patient works their way through, visualising each anxiety provoking event while engaging in the relaxation response. The number of sessions required depends on the severity of the phobia.