What was Jack Coffee Hays role in the Texas Revolution?
John Coffee “Jack” Hays (January 28, 1817 – April 21, 1883) was an American military officer. A captain in the Texas Rangers and a military officer of the Republic of Texas, Hays served in several armed conflicts from 1836 to 1848, including against the Comanche Empire in Texas and during the Mexican–American War.
What famous group of Texas Citizen Soldiers did John Hays join?
the Texas Rangers
Hays joined the Texas Rangers in the formative years of their role as citizen soldiers. His rangers gained a reputation as mounted troops with revolvers and individually styled uniforms, who marched and fought with a noticeable lack of military discipline.
Why do they call it Enchanted Rock?
Actually, it’s haunting history gave the rock its “Enchanted” name: Tonkawa, Apache and Comanche tribes believed the rock was powerful, even if it was haunted.
What is the Enchanted Rock?
Enchanted Rock (16710 Ranch Rd 965, Fredericksburg TX) is a pink granite mountain located in the Llano Uplift about 17 miles (27 km) north of Fredericksburg, Texas and 24 miles (39 km) south of Llano, Texas, United States. It is the largest pink granite monadnock in the United States.
What rank did Jack Hays achieve in three years?
In 1840, President of the Texas Republic M. B. Lamar promoted Jack Hays to the rank of Captain of the Texas Rangers. During the next 18 months, Hays was in dozens of gunfights with Native American tribes and Mexicans up and down the Texas/Mexico border.
Who is the most famous Texas Ranger?
John “Jack” Coffee Hays
To protect the new Texans, Ranger companies patrolled the frontier as well as the border with Mexico. It was during this time that John “Jack” Coffee Hays became the most famous Texas Ranger of the era.
Has anyone died on Enchanted Rock?
Enchanted Rock State Natural Area: two deaths, one in February 2014 and one in August 2015. Guadalupe River State Park: One death in July 2016.
How high up is Enchanted Rock?
Purchased at the urging of Ladybird Johnson in 1978, the huge pink granite dome rising 425 feet above Big Sandy Creek near Fredericksburg was a recently designated National Natural Landmark, but had already been well known as “enchanted” since the early 1800s, according to centuries-old legends.
Is Enchanted Rock cash only?
ATTENTION: if you are coming out to the park, we are currently in a cash only system. Texas State Parks Passes are acceptable. …
Why did Texas Rangers disband?
Most of the Ranger force was disbanded during the years following the end of the Mexican–American War on February 2, 1848, since the protection of the frontiers was now an official duty of the U.S. Army.
How did John Hays get to Enchanted Rock?
Hays and his company of Rangers were surveying near Crabapple Creek when he was cut off by a band of Comanche raiders and took refuge on the summit of Enchanted Rock. Legend has it that he held off the Comanche for three hours until being rescued by his fellow Rangers, or perhaps when the Indians tired of the fight.
What did John Coffee Hays do in Texas?
By mid-1836 Hays was in Texas where he joined a Ranger company under Erastus “Deaf” Smith. He took part in a skirmish with the Mexican Cavalry and assisted in the capture of Juan Sánchez. He was appointed deputy surveyor of the Bexar District. Hays combined his knowledge of Indian warfare with his rangering.
Who was the Ranger that was cut off at Enchanted Rock?
One of the more famous legends at E-Rock is of a battle between Texas Ranger John Coffee (Jack) Hays and Indians in the fall of 1841. Hays and his company of Rangers were surveying near Crabapple Creek when he was cut off by a band of Comanche raiders and took refuge on the summit of Enchanted Rock.
Why is Enchanted Rock in Waco Texas famous?
This story has been considered legendary because there is little evidence to support it, but Former Texas Ranger Foundation President Joe Davis told me that Hays once commissioned a painting depicting the skirmish. This painting eventually made its way the Official Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum in Waco and can be seen on their website.