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Who were Cornell and Wieman?

Who were Cornell and Wieman?

Cornell is a staff scientist at NIST in Boulder, Colorado, and adjoint professor of physics at the University of Colorado. Wieman is Distinguished Professor of Physics at the University of Colorado in Boulder. Both he and Cornell are fellows at JILA.

What were the two techniques that Carl Wieman and Eric Cornell used to cool atoms to new absolute zero?

Wieman used the new laser cooling and trapping techniques to chill atoms to ultralow temperatures approximately one hundredth the value of previous records.

What is Eric Cornell known for?

Bose–Einstein condensate
Eric Allin Cornell/Known for

What did Eric Cornell create that won the Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2001 was awarded jointly to Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman “for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates.”

How did Eric Cornell lose his arm?

Eric Cornell has experienced life’s extremes. He won the physics Nobel prize in 2001, but last October he lost his left arm and shoulder — and nearly his life — to a flesh-killing bacterial infection.

Who is Eric Cornell and cats?

Eric Allin Cornell (born December 19, 1961) is an American physicist who, along with Carl E. Wieman, was able to synthesize the first Bose–Einstein condensate in 1995. For their efforts, Cornell, Wieman, and Wolfgang Ketterle shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2001.

Does Bose Einstein condensate exist?

An international team of researchers has successfully produced a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in space for the first time. A Bose-Einstein condensate is a state of matter occurring after gas atoms with very low density are chilled to very near absolute zero and bunch up to form an extremely dense quantum state.

What is Bose Einstein state of matter?

Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), a state of matter in which separate atoms or subatomic particles, cooled to near absolute zero (0 K, − 273.15 °C, or − 459.67 °F; K = kelvin), coalesce into a single quantum mechanical entity—that is, one that can be described by a wave function—on a near-macroscopic scale.

In what year was the BEC even thought about and by who?

Bose-Einstein condensates were predicted in 1925 by Bose and discovered experimentally 70 years later by Weimann, Cornell and Ketterle who shared the Nobel prize for their discovery in 2001. kBT down below the energy of the rst excited state “1.

What does Bose-Einstein condensate feel like?

It looks like a dense little lump in the bottom of the magnetic trap/bowl; kind of like a drop of water condensing out of damp air onto a cold bowl. When it first forms, though, the condensate is still surrounded by the normal gas atoms, so it looks a bit like a pit inside a cherry.

What is the fifth state of matter?

Bose-Einstein condensates
However, there is also a fifth state of matter — Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), which scientists first created in the lab 25 years ago. When a group of atoms is cooled to near absolute zero, the atoms begin to clump together, behaving as if they were one big “super-atom.”

What are the 22 states of matter?

Bose–Einstein condensate.

  • Fermionic condensate.
  • Degenerate matter.
  • Quantum Hall.
  • Rydberg matter.
  • Rydberg polaron.
  • Strange matter.
  • Superfluid.
  • What kind of cancer did Carl Wieman have?

    On September 16, 2010 Dr. Wieman was confirmed by unanimous consent. He left that post in June 2012 to battle multiple myeloma. Donley, Elizabeth A.; Neil R. Claussen; Simon L. Cornish; Jacob L. Roberts; Eric A. Cornell; Carl E. Wieman (2001-07-19).

    When did Carl Wieman get the Nobel Prize?

    Carl Edwin Wieman (born March 26, 1951) is an American physicist and educationist at Stanford University. In 1995, while at the University of Colorado Boulder, he and Eric Allin Cornell produced the first true Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) and, in 2001, they and Wolfgang Ketterle (for further BEC studies) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics.

    When did Carl Wieman join the University of British Columbia?

    Wieman joined the University of British Columbia on 1 January 2007 and headed a well-endowed science education initiative there; he retained a twenty percent appointment at the University of Colorado Boulder to head the science education project he founded in Colorado.

    Who is Carl Wieman and what does Phet do?

    Wieman is the founder and chairman of PhET, a web-based directive of University of Colorado Boulder which provides an extensive suite of simulations to improve the way that physics, chemistry, biology, earth science and math are taught and learned.