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How do you identify Chironomidae?

How do you identify Chironomidae?

Adults possess chewing mouthparts with short palps and plumose antennae. Most often they are seen flying in large groups. Some species of the aquatic larvae are red in color, due to the presence of hemoglobin in the blood. These larvae are known as blood worms.

What is an adult chironomid?

Adult chironomid midges (Fig. 8.11A) are 1–10 mm long, with slender legs, narrow, scaleless wings, and plumose antennae in the adult males. They are often mistaken for adult mosquitoes but lack the long proboscis and are unable to feed on blood. Adults are short-lived, living only a few days to several weeks.

What do you mean by chironomid?

: any of a family (Chironomidae) of midges that lack piercing mouthparts.

How do you get rid of Chironomidae?

To get rid of Midges, we recommend spraying a mixture of Reclaim IT Insecticide and Tekko Pro IGR as a barrier treatment around your home perimeter and for spraying surfaces.

How do you identify midges?

Being true flies, midges (in the family Chironomidae) have only one pair of wings. They look a lot like mosquitoes: small and dainty, rather soft-bodied, with long, narrow wings and long, skinny legs; males often have feathery antennae, used for sensing the high-pitched sounds of female wings.

What is the best midge repellent?

10 Best Midge Repellents

  • Smidge. Smidge Insect Repellent Wipes.
  • Smidge. Smidge That Midge Insect Repellent 75 ml.
  • Jungle Formula. Jungle Formula Maximum Aerosol Insect Repellent, 125 ml 1 Units.
  • Lifesystems. Lifesystems Midge and Insect Repellent, Pump Spray, 100 ml.
  • Faumsut.
  • THEYE.
  • The Wee Midgie.

How do you get rid of chironomidae?

What do chironomids turn into?

As mentioned earlier, chironomids proceed through a complete life cycle (or metamorphosis). The female lays eggs on the top of the water, and they sink to the bottom. An egg hatches into a larvae that continues to grow for up to two years before transforming into a pupa.

Where are chironomidae found?

There are over 20,000 different midge species worldwide. They can be found throughout the world on all the major land masses, including the Arctic and Antarctic, and are even found on most islands.

What are the subfamilies of the family Chironomidae?

Subfamilies and genera. The family is divided into 11 subfamilies: Aphroteniinae, Buchonomyiinae, Chilenomyinae, Chironominae, Diamesinae, Orthocladiinae, Podonominae, Prodiamesinae, Tanypodinae, Telmatogetoninae, and Usambaromyiinae. Most species belong to Chironominae, Orthocladiinae, and Tanypodinae.

What kind of habitat does a Chironomidae live in?

The larvae, which are recognized because they usually have anterior and posterior pairs of prolegs (Fig. 158 ), are diverse in form and size. They inhabit all types of permanent and temporary aquatic habitats, and a few species inhabit semiaquatic or terrestrial habitats.

Why are the larvae of Chironomidae bright red?

They are often associated with degraded or low-biodiversity ecosystems because some species have adapted to virtually anoxic conditions and are dominant in polluted waters. Larvae of some species are bright red in color due to a hemoglobin analog; these are often known as “bloodworms”.

How is the Chironomidae related to the Ceratopogonidae?

The Chironomidae (informally known as chironomids, nonbiting midges, or lake flies) comprise a family of nematoceran flies with a global distribution. They are closely related to the Ceratopogonidae, Simuliidae, and Thaumaleidae.