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What are minimization procedures?

What are minimization procedures?

Minimization procedures means reasonable precautions taken to minimize the interference with First Amendment activities, without impairing the success of the investigation or preliminary inquiry.

What is minimization law?

Minimization, in essence, is the legal term for the constraints placed upon the government’s ability to retain non-relevant private information collected legally.

What is a 702?

Section 702 is a key provision of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 that permits the government to conduct targeted surveillance of foreign persons located outside the United States, with the compelled assistance of electronic communication service providers, to acquire foreign intelligence information.

What is FISA and how does it work?

The United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC, also called the FISA Court) is a U.S. federal court established under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA) to oversee requests for surveillance warrants against foreign spies inside the United States by federal law enforcement and …

Is FISA still active?

The FISA Amendments Act of 2008 passed by the United States Congress on July 9, 2008. The amendments added a new Title VII to the Act, which was stated to expire at the end of 2012, but Congress extended the provisions to December 31, 2017.

Is AWS subject to FISA 702?

Even though there is no transfer, the criteria applied by the Court of Justice of the European Union in Schrems II mean that controllers must analyze the level of protection provided to data processing and risk of surveillance by the U.S. authorities under FISA 702 and EO12333 just by virtue of the fact that the EU AWS …

Is FISA part of the Patriot Act?

Intelligence searches expand a narrow exception to the Fourth Amendment that had been created for the collection of foreign intelligence information. Physical searches and telecommunication surveillance are both authorized under the Patriot Act, Freedom Act, and FISA.

What are the major provisions of FISA?


  • Electronic surveillance (50 U.S.C. ch. 36, subch.
  • Physical searches (50 U.S.C. ch. 36, subch.
  • Pen registers and trap & trace devices for foreign intelligence purposes (50 U.S.C. ch.
  • Access to certain business records for foreign intelligence purposes (50 U.S.C. ch.
  • Reporting requirement (50 U.S.C. ch.

Is the Patriot Act part of FISA?

The USA PATRIOT Act modified many major U.S. intelligence, communications, and privacy laws, including: The Electronic Communications Privacy Act (EPCA ), which modifies Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act (the Wiretap Act ); the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA); and the …

Is AWS subject to FISA?

Is Amazon subject to FISA?

National security requests include National Security Letters (“NSLs”) and court orders issued under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (“FISA”). Amazon is prohibited by law from reporting the exact number of NSLs and FISA orders it receives.