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What are the 6 muscles of the lower limb?

What are the 6 muscles of the lower limb?

muscles of the lower limb

  • sartorius muscle.
  • pectineus muscle.
  • quadriceps muscle group. rectus femoris muscle. vastus lateralis muscle. vastus intermedius muscle. vastus medialis muscle.
  • articularis genu muscle.

What are the muscles of lower extremities?

The calf muscles include three muscles that are critical for ankle, foot and toe movement:

  • gastrocnemius: flexes and extends the foot, ankle, and knee.
  • soleus: important in walking and standing.
  • plantaris: acts with the gastrocnemius.
  • popliteus: initiates knee flexion/bending.

Which is the major muscle in lower limbs?

The largest muscle mass belongs to the posterior group, the gluteal muscles, which, as a group, adduct the thigh. The iliopsoas, an anterior muscle, flexes the thigh. The muscles in the medial compartment adduct the thigh. The illustration below shows some of the muscles of the lower extremity.

What is the biggest leg muscle?

gluteus maximus
The largest of them is the most superficial muscle, the gluteus maximus. Its origin is on the ilium of the coxal bone, and it inserts part-way down the shaft of the femur. It helps maintain erect posture, abducts the thigh, and rotates the thigh outward. Below the gluteus maximus is the smaller gluteus medius.

What muscle runs up the side of your leg?

The iliotibial band runs along the lateral or outside aspect of the thigh, from the pelvis to the tibia, crossing both the hip and knee joints.

What are the 4 major muscles of the lower body?

4 Major Lower Body Muscles’ Impact on Flexibility and Function

  • Gastrocnemius.
  • Rectus Femoris Muscle (a muscle of the quadriceps)
  • Hamstring Muscles (three separate muscles)
  • Psoas Muscle.

How do you remember the nerves of the lower limbs?


  1. I: iliohypogastric nerve.
  2. I: ilioinguinal nerve.
  3. G: genitofemoral nerve.
  4. L: lateral femoral cutaneous nerve.
  5. O: obturator nerve.
  6. F: femoral nerve.
  7. L: lumbosacral trunk.