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What causes congenital femoral deficiency?

What causes congenital femoral deficiency?

In many cases, the cause of congenital femoral deficiency is unknown. Contributing factors can include genetic abnormalities, exposure to drugs, chemical or viruses in utero and other medical conditions.

Is proximal focal femoral deficiency genetic?

Proximal femoral focal deficiency (PFFD), also known as Congenital Femoral Deficiency (CFD), is a rare, non-hereditary birth defect that affects the pelvis, particularly the hip bone, and the proximal femur. The disorder may affect one side or both, with the hip being deformed and the leg shortened.

What is congenital short femur?

Congenital short femur is a rare type of congenital malformation that occurs during prenatal development and affects the growth of the femur bone in the upper leg.

What is proximal femoral nail?

The proximal femoral nail (PFN) is an osteosynthetic implant designed to treat proximal femoral fractures in the trochanter area with a closed intramedullary fixation method.

How common is congenital femoral deficiency?

CFD is a rare condition; one or two out of every 100,000 children are affected. Congenital femoral deficiency can affect one side of the body, or both.

Where is proximal femur located?

Proximal femur includes the femoral head, neck and the region 5-cm distal to the lesser trochanter. There is a 125°–130° inclination angle between the head and neck and the femoral body. Further, there is a 15° anteversion angle between the plane passing through the condyles of the femoral head and the femur neck.

What causes short femur length?

A femur length that is shorter than expected can also be a soft marker for certain genetic conditions, such as trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome), and trisomy 18 (Edward’s syndrome).

How long till you can walk on a broken femur?

Full recovery from a femur fracture can take anywhere from 12 weeks to 12 months. But you are not alone. Most people experiencing a femur fracture can begin walking with the help of a physical therapist in the first day or two after injury and/or surgery.

Where is the proximal femur located?

What is Femoral facial syndrome?

Femoral facial syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by underdeveloped thigh bones (femurs) and unusual facial characteristics. It presents with a very broad range and variety of symptoms. One source lists 31 clinical signs, classified as very frequent, relatively frequent and less frequent.

What is the proximal focal femoral deficiency ( PFFD )?

Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is part of a spectrum of congenital deformities affecting the femur, more comprehensively named congenital femoral deficiency (CFD). CFD may range from simple shortening of a normal-appearing femur to the complete absence of the proximal two-thirds of the bone.

What is the medical term for femoral deficiency?

What is Congenital Femoral Deficiency? Congenital Femoral Deficiency (CFD) or Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency (PFFD) are terms used to describe a birth defect of the femur (thigh bone).

What kind of birth defect is the proximal femur?

Proximal femoral focal deficiency. Proximal femoral focal deficiency ( PFFD ), also known as Congenital Femoral Deficiency ( CFD ), is a rare, non-hereditary birth defect that affects the pelvis, particularly the hip bone, and the proximal femur.

What does Congenital Femoral Deficiency ( CFD ) mean?

Congenital femoral deficiency (CFD) refers to a spectrum of congenital (present at birth) malformations of the thigh bone ( femur) due to incomplete or abnormal development. CFD may affect one leg (most commonly) or both legs. Severity can range from minor shortening of the femur (appearing normal), to complete absence of much or all of the femur.