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## What does a ballistic pendulum experiment demonstrate?

To use a ballistic pendulum to determine the velocity of a projectile. To verify this velocity by measuring the range of the projectile. Experiment: From the measured recoil speed of the pendulum we determine the speed of a ball fired by a spring-loaded cannon.

## How does a ballistic pendulum?

Ballistic pendulum, device for measuring the velocity of a projectile, such as a bullet. A large wooden block suspended by two cords serves as the pendulum bob. When a bullet is fired into the bob, its momentum is transferred to the bob. The bullet’s momentum can be determined from the amplitude of the pendulum swing.

## What are the sources of error in a ballistic pendulum experiment?

The error due to measurement of h is dominant, and the errors due to mass measurements are negligible. However, there are other sources of uncertainty in the firing apparatus, which cause the ball to have different velocity each time the gun is fired.

## What is the purpose of ballistic pendulum?

A ballistic pendulum is a device for measuring a projectiles momentum, primarily for small arms. From which it is possible to calculate the velocity and kinetic energy. Ballistic pendulums have been largely rendered obsolete by modern chronographs, which allow direct measurement of the projectile velocity.

## Why is momentum conserved in a ballistic pendulum?

The stationary pendulum now moves with a new velocity just after the collision. While not all of the energy from the bullet is transformed into kinetic energy for the pendulum (some is used as heat and deformation energy) , the momentum of the system is conserved. Thus the pendulum’s initial velocity can be calculated.

## What is the formula for ballistic pendulum?

½ (m+M)vf2 = (m+M)gh. Apply conservation of momentum to determine the relationship between vf and the bullet’s speed before the collision.

## Is linear momentum conserved in a ballistic pendulum?

The system can also dissipate kinetic energy in producing sound or heat. Since there are no external forces acting on the system at the time of the collision, linear momentum must be conserved in both cases. A ratchet and pawl system catches the pendulum at the height of its swing.

## Is angular momentum conserved in a ballistic pendulum?

It is therefore a physical pendulum, and once it begins to swing it has angular momentum. In this pendulum, then, linear momentum is not strictly conserved, but is converted into angular momentum (vide infra).

## What did Galileo discover about the pendulum?

Galileo’s discovery was that the period of swing of a pendulum is independent of its amplitude–the arc of the swing–the isochronism of the pendulum.  Now this discovery had important implications for the measurement of time intervals.

## What happens to momentum in a pendulum?

While not all of the energy from the bullet is transformed into kinetic energy for the pendulum (some is used as heat and deformation energy) , the momentum of the system is conserved. So kinetic energy of the pendulum (after firing) is fully converted to potential energy.

## How do you calculate the speed of a pendulum?

is the vertical rise of the pendulum. If we insert the constants, we can make a fairly easy-to-use equation to determine the speed of any projectile shot into our pendulum: V potato = (1 + M/ m) sqrt(43.9 x h) The velocity of projectile is in miles per hour.

## What does ballistic pendulum mean?

The ballistic pendulum is a classic example of a dissipative collision in which conservation of momentum can be used for analysis, but conservation of energy during the collision cannot be invoked because the energy goes into inaccessible forms such as internal energy.

## What is a pendulum ball?

A pendulum ball is simply a ball tied on a string and hanging down from the ceiling or light fixture. The ball can travel side to side like a pendulum does, it can travel in a circle (clockwise or counter clockwise) and it can move in and out towards the participant’s face.