What does coherentism mean in philosophy?
Coherentism, Theory of truth according to which a belief is true just in case, or to the extent that, it coheres with a system of other beliefs. Philosophers have differed over the relevant sense of “cohere,” though most agree that it must be stronger than mere consistency.
What is the example of coherentism?
For example, if someone makes an observational statement, such as “it is raining”, the coherentist contends that it is reasonable to ask for example whether this mere statement refers to anything real.
Does coherentism solve the epistemic regress problem?
Epistemic coherentism provides a solution to the regress problem that is most popular among contemporary philosophers. Coherentism excludes such foundations by affirming that all justified beliefs are justified in virtue of their relations to other beliefs.
Who proposed coherence theory?
In modern philosophy, the coherence theory of truth was defended by Baruch Spinoza, Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Harold Henry Joachim (who is credited with the definitive formulation of the theory).
Is infinite regress a fallacy?
The fallacy of Infinite Regress occurs when this habit lulls us into accepting an explanation that turns out to be itterative, that is, the mechanism involved depends upon itself for its own explanation.
Is Foundationalism possible without regress?
Abstract. Foundationalism is false; after all, foundational beliefs are arbitrary, they do not solve the epistemic regress problem, and they cannot exist without other (justified) beliefs.
How does philosophy define truth?
Truth, in metaphysics and the philosophy of language, the property of sentences, assertions, beliefs, thoughts, or propositions that are said, in ordinary discourse, to agree with the facts or to state what is the case. Believing what is not true is apt to spoil people’s plans and may even cost them their lives.
What are the coherentist theories of epistemic justification?
Coherentist Theories of Epistemic Justification. According to the coherence theory of justification, also known as coherentism, a belief or set of beliefs is justified, or justifiably held, just in case the belief coheres with a set of beliefs, the set forms a coherent system or some variation on these themes.
Is the coherence of a coherent system sufficient for justification?
A variation on this theme is presented by the equally notorious alternative systems objection. For each coherent system of beliefs there exist, conceivably, other systems that are equally coherent yet incompatible with the first system. If coherence is sufficient for justification, then all these incompatible systems would be justifiably held.
Is the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy a reference work?
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy organizes scholars from around the world in philosophy and related disciplines to create and maintain an up-to-date reference work.
What makes a coherence theory different from other theories?
As Davidson puts it, “ [w]hat distinguishes a coherence theory is simply the claim that nothing can count as a reason for a belief except another belief” (Davidson, 1986).