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What is a lateral graft tympanoplasty?

What is a lateral graft tympanoplasty?

Lateral technique tympanoplasty is a reliable method for the repair of chronic tympanic membrane performation. The lateral technique procedure involves placement of a connective tissue graft lateral to the fibrous layer of the tympanic membrane remnant.

What is a Type 3 tympanoplasty?

Background: Type III stapes columella tympanoplasty involves the placement of a tympanic membrane graft, usually made of temporalis fascia, directly onto the stapes head. The procedure is usually done in conjunction with a canal wall down mastoidectomy.

What are the classifications for tympanoplasty?

A type 1 tympanoplasty is synonymous to myringoplasty. Type 2 involves repair of the tympanic membrane and middle ear in spite of slight defects in the middle ear ossicles. Type 3 involves removal of ossicles and epitympanum when there are large defects of the malleus and incus.

How long does packing stay in after tympanoplasty?

You may not be able to hear as well as before. This usually gets better as the eardrum heals and after the doctor takes the cotton or gauze packing out of the ear canal. The doctor will take out the packing 1 to 2 weeks after surgery. Your stitches may dissolve on their own, or the doctor may need to take them out.

What is Type 4 tympanoplasty?

In a type IV tympanoplasty, the stapes footplate is directly exposed to incoming sound while the round window is “shielded,” usually with a fascia graft. Postoperative hearing results are quite variable, with air-bone gaps ranging from 10 to 60 dB.

What are the five types of tympanoplasty?

Wullstein Classification:

  • Type I: repair of the TM alone; no abnormality of the middle ear.
  • Type II: repair of the TM and middle ear; the malleus is eroded.
  • Type III: repair of the TM onto the stapes head; the malleus and incus have a defect.
  • Type IV: the TM is grafted to the stapes footplate, which is movable.

Do humans have a columella?

In humans, artificially made columella may be produced as autografts from cortical bone. These prostheses are used as replacements for the stapes in ear surgery to correct for hearing problems (such as cholesteatoma or re-perforation).

How is tympanoplasty surgery performed under local anesthesia?

Tympanoplasty Surgery Tympanoplasty Surgery to reconstruct the tympanic membrane (eardrum) can be performed either under local or general anesthesia. Many patients prefer to be completely asleep. In small perforations, the operation can be easily performed under local anesthesia with intravenous sedation.

How to prepare for post auricular tympanoplasty in children?

Inject 0.5% lidocaine w/ 1:200,000 epinephrine subcutaneously into the post auricular crease. Prep the patient, square out the field with towels stapled to themselves (helpful to place horizontal drape at lateral canthus of the ipsilateral eye and vertical drape along infratemporal line) and then place a incise drape over the face and towels

How is the eardrum repaired after a tympanomastoidectomy?

The eardrum is repaired with muscle lining from behind the ear. After the tympanomastoidectomy is completed, the surgeon will place packing inside the ear to keep tissues in place as they heal.

When do you need ossicular reconstruction after tympanoplasty?

The abnormal taste sensation rarely lasts longer than six months. If the bones of hearing are eroded, then ossicular reconstruction (reconstruction of the bones of hearing) may be necessary at the time of tympanoplasty. In some cases, this can be determined before the surgery.