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What is the site for intramuscular injections in infants?

What is the site for intramuscular injections in infants?

The anterolateral thigh is the preferred site for IM injection in infants under 12 months of age. Medications are injected into the bulkiest part of the vastus lateralis thigh muscle, which is the junction of the upper and middle thirds of this muscle.

Where do you give a child an IM injection?

Intramuscular injections are administered at a 90-degree angle to the skin, preferably into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm, depending on the age of the patient (Table 6-2).

How many ml is a deltoid?

2 ml
Generally only limited injection volumes can be given by intramuscular injection: 2 ml in the deltoid and thigh muscles, and up to 5 ml in the gluteus maximus. The point of injection should be as far as possible from major nerves and blood vessels to avoid neural damage and accidental intravenous administration.

What can go wrong with intramuscular injection?

What are the complications of intramuscular injections?

  • severe pain at the injection site.
  • tingling or numbness.
  • redness, swelling, or warmth at the injection site.
  • drainage at the injection site.
  • prolonged bleeding.
  • signs of an allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing or facial swelling.

Where to insert sq site for an infant?

SQ site for infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months of age) SQ site for toddlers, children, and adults. Insert needle at 45º angle into fatty area of anterolateral thigh. Make sure you pinch up on SQ tissue to prevent injection into muscle. Insert needle at 45º angle into outer aspect of upper arm.

How to administer IM ( intramuscular ) injections for infants?

How to Administer IM (Intramuscular) Injections IM site for infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months of age) IM site for older toddlers, children, and adults Insert needle at 80-90º angle into vastus lateralis muscle in anterolateral aspect of middle or upper thigh.

Which is the best site for immunization for infants?

For infants and younger children, if more than 2 vaccines are injected in a single limb, the thigh is the preferred site because of the greater muscle mass; the injections should be sufficiently separated (separate anatomic sites [i.e. ≥1 inch] if possible) so that any local reactions can be differentiated (11,27).

Are there any side effects to multi vitamin infant?

Liquid preparations of this product may contain sugar and/or alcohol. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, alcohol dependence, or liver disease. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about using this product safely. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant before using this medication.