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## Where are Pirani gauges used?

Pirani gauges are a group of indirect measuring pressure gauges which measure the thermal conductivity of the gas sample. Pirani gauges are typically used in the fine vacuum range (1 torr – 10-3torr), as this is the range where they achieve the best accuracy.

How does a Pirani vacuum gauge work?

The Pirani gauge measures the vacuum pressure dependent thermal conductivity from the heated wire to the surrounding gas. The heat loss is a function of the gas pressure and at low pressure the low gas density and long mean free path between gas molecules provides a low thermal conductivity.

### How does a Penning gauge work?

The operation principle of penning gauge is similar to that of ion vacuum pump. There is a powerful magnetic field across the anode and cathode; therefore, the electrons, originated from gas ionization, spiral toward the cathode, resulting in more collisions with other gas molecules and thus higher ionization current.

Which one is the limitation of Pirani gauge?

Disadvantages of Pirani Gauge 1. Frequent calibration is required. 2. It can not be used for the measurement of very low pressure.

#### What is the principle of Mcleod gauge?

Mcleod Gauge works on the principle of Boyle’s Law. Boyle’s Law states that if the temperature and amount of gas remain unchanged, the absolute pressure exerted by a given mass of gas is inversely proportional to the volume it occupies.

What is Bridgman gauge?

A Bridgman gage is to be used to measure a pressure of 10,000 psi using a Man- ganin element having a resistance of 100Ω at atmospheric pressure. If the gage is one leg of a bridge whose other legs all have values of exactly 100Ω calculate the voltage output of the bridge for a constant-voltage source of 24 V.

## What is the principle of operation of strain gauge?

What is the working principle of Strain Gauge? A strain gauge works on the principle of electrical conductance and its dependence on the conductor’s geometry. Whenever a conductor is stretched within the limits of its elasticity, it doesn’t break but, gets narrower and longer.

Where McLeod gauge is used?

McLeod gauge is an inexpensive standard that measures vacuum pressure without any electronics or sophisticated equipment. 2. It is used for calibrating other low pressure measuring gauges.

### What are the applications of McLeod gauge?

The McLeod gauge takes advantage of Boyle’s law (the product of pressure and volume for a given quantity of gas remains constant if a constant temperature is maintained) to determine gas pressure within a range of 10 to 10-6 torr.